North East India


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Assam

Assam is the gateway of the Northeast. It is a state of breathtaking scenic beauty lofty green hills and a land of airs and festivals, which is dominated by Mighty Brahmaputra river. It is also known as land of temples.Assam is also known and famous for Tea and one horned Rhino, Which is found in large number at Kaziranga National park. It has several places of historical and archeological interest.This is very brief descriptions about the natural beauty of Assam. You well acquainted with it in the Hindi movies like Kalpanalazmi's DAMAN, & Mani Ratam's DILSE which are shooted in most of the towns of Assam.

History
Assam's history goes back to ancient times. The base of this history can be found in Tantric literature, Buddhist literature, Assamese folklore and Vedic literature. However, first mention of the state of Assam is found in the epics and the religious legends. The Aryans belonging to the priestly and warrior classes found their way into Assam in very early times. Various places mentioned in the epics, like Mahabharata etc. are now identified with sites in this state.


Earliest mention of this region was mentioned by the Chinese explorer, Chang Kien, as having trade links with China in 100 B.C. The Periplus of the Erythrean Sea and Ptolemy's Geography also acknowledge the existence of this region before Christ. The Australoids or the pre-Dravidians were the earliest inhabitants of this state. The Mongoloids entered through the eastern mountain passes and overran the land long before the compilation of the Hindu religious literature known as the Vedas. Huen Tsang, the great Chinese traveler, visited this region in the 7th century. At that time, Pragjyotishpur was known as Kamrup. It was a strong kingdom under King Bhaskaravarman.

The Ahoms who belongs to the Shan dynasty and closely related to the Thai's entered Assam in 1228. The entry of Ahoms in Assam started a new era. Many scholars are of the opinion that the state was named after this dynasty, which went on to rule for six centuries.


The Mughal Empire was at its zenith during this time and taking the Ahoms to be a challenge, they attacked the state 17 times. The last of the wars, fought near the present-day Saraighat Bridge over river Brahmaputra in Guwahati, saw the Ahoms inflicting a crushing defeat on the Mughals under the leadership of the able general, LachitBarphukan, who has been immortalized in Assamese folklore.

Thereafter, apart from a brief period during the reign of King Rudrasingha, the state went into a gradual decline in the 18th century. This was when the Burmese attacked and annexed the state. However, they could not hold it for long, and in 1826 the British forced them to cede Assam by the Treaty of Yandaboo. There begins the history of this region with rest of India.